Indian Society & Economy in Early Medieval Period Notes for UPSC Exam
Indian Society & Economy in Early Medieval Period Notes for UPSC Exam

In medieval India, society was divided based on both caste and class. The ruling elite, known as the Kshatriyas, held political power and wealth. The Vaishyas dominated economic activities and…

Medieval Indian Coins And Coinage Notes for UPSC
Medieval Indian Coins And Coinage Notes for UPSC Exam

The medieval Indian coins and coinage is an important topic for UPSC Civil Services and other state exams. It is an important part of the Art and Culture topic. Let’s…

Sources Of Medieval History Notes for UPSC
Sources Of Medieval History Notes for UPSC

From A.D. 700 to 1200 and then from A.D. 1200 to 1700, we split Indian history into Early Medieval and Later Medieval periods. Luckily, historians have a bunch of sources…

Sangam Age Notes for UPSC Exam
Sangam Age Notes for UPSC Exam

The Sangam age points to the time between 300 BCE to 200 CE in Tamil Nadu's history. Back then, society was made up of lots of small kingdoms ruled by…

Pandya Kingdom Notes for UPSC Exam
Pandya Kingdom Notes for UPSC Exam

The Pandya Kingdom was one of the old Tamil ruling families in southern India, mostly in Tamil Nadu. They were part of the three big kingdoms during the Sangam age. Overview…

The Cholas Notes for UPSC Exam
The Cholas Notes for UPSC Exam

These notes cover the in-depth detail about the Cholas. This topic is important for UPSC IAS and other state level competitive exams.  Introduction The Cholas are thought to have taken…

The Chalukyas Notes for UPSC Exam
The Chalukyas Notes for UPSC Exam

The Southern and Deccan regions of India were under the dominion of the Chalukyas dynasty from the 6th to the 12th century A.D. This era, considered the zenith of Karnataka,…

The Pallavas Notes for UPSC Exam
The Pallavas Notes for UPSC Exam

The Pallava Dynasty was located in South India and ruled from 275 to 897 CE. They made significant contributions to religion, philosophy, art, coins, and architecture, establishing themselves as powerful…

The Rashtrakutas Notes for UPSC Exam
The Rashtrakutas Notes for UPSC Exam

The Rashtrakutas believed they were descendants of Satyaki. Historians have varying opinions about their roots. Some inscriptions of Chalukya kings suggest they served as vassals to the Chalukyas. The Rashtrakutas…

Early Medieval Society & Religion
Early Medieval Society & Religion Notes for UPSC Exam

When Muslims arrived, people from diverse regions and religions interacted with the local population. Society became divided into three classes: upper, middle, and lower. The Bhakti and Sufi movements influenced…