Prehistoric India GK MCQs With Answer & Explanation in English

1. Which of the following continents is accepted as the ‘Original homeland of human’?

  1. Asia continent
  2. Europe Continent
  3. Australia continent
  4. Africa continent

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Answer: Australia continent

Among the given options, Africa is accepted as the ‘Original homeland of humans.’ This is supported by extensive scientific evidence, including fossil discoveries and genetic studies, which indicate that early human ancestors originated and evolved in Africa.

2. Who is recognized as the father of Indian Pre-History?

  1. Robert Bruce Foote
  2. Sir William Jones
  3. E.J.H. Mackey
  4. Sir John Marshall

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Answer: Robert Bruce Foote

Robert Bruce Foote is acknowledged as the father of Indian Pre-History.

3. Among the following, which option shows human evolution chronologically?

  1. Australopithecus →Homo Erectus → Neanderthal→ Cro-Magnon
  2. Homo Erectus → Australopithecus → Neanderthal→ Cro Magnon
  3. Neanderthal → Australopithecus → Homo Erectus→ Cro-Magnon
  4. Cro-Magnon → Australopithecus → Homo Erectus→ Neanderthal

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Answer: Australopithecus →Homo Erectus → Neanderthal→ Cro-Magnon

The correct option displaying human evolution chronologically is (a) Australopithecus → Homo Erectus → Neanderthal → Cro-Magnon. This sequence represents a general progression in human evolution, starting with Australopithecus, followed by Homo Erectus, Neanderthal, and finally Cro-Magnon (early Homo Sapiens).

4. Which one of the following is known as the ‘early ancestor of human’?

  1. Australopithecus
  2. Neanderthal
  3. Homo Erectus
  4. Cro-Magnon

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Answer: Australopithecus

Among the given options, Australopithecus is accepted as the ‘early ancestor of humans.’ Australopithecus species represent an early stage in human evolution and are considered the predecessors to the Homo genus.

5. Who among the following is known as the ‘Mother of Man’?

  1. Lucy
  2. Cleopatra
  3. Victoria
  4. Madam Curie

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Answer: Lucy

The term ‘Mother of Man’ is associated with the fossil specimen known as Lucy. Lucy, scientifically called Australopithecus afarensis, is a famous and important hominid fossil discovered in Ethiopia. She is often referred to as the ‘Mother of Man’ because her discovery provided significant insights into human origins.

6. In which state or Union Territory of India is the Gufkral prehistoric site located?

  1. Rajasthan
  2. Jammu & Kashmir
  3. Karnataka
  4. Uttarakhand

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Answer: Jammu & Kashmir

The Gufkral prehistoric site is located in Jammu & Kashmir. It has provided evidence of Pit dwellings.

7. In which of the following cultures was the oldest evidence of drilling teeth in a living person found?

  1. Ahar Banas
  2. Mehrgarh
  3. Sohn Valley
  4. Malwa

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Answer: Mehrgarh

The oldest evidence of drilling teeth in a living person was found in the Mehrgarh culture.

8. The hominoid fossils of hathnora is-

  1. Homo erectus
  2. Homo sapiens
  3. Homo habilis
  4. None of these 

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Answer: Homo erectus

The hominoid fossils found at Hathnora are classified as Homo erectus. Hathnora, located in central India, has yielded important fossil remains of Homo erectus, an early human species that existed between approximately 2 million and 140,000 years ago.

9. In which state of India was the first Paleolithic site discovered?

  1. Jammu & Kashmir
  2. Rajasthan
  3. Madhya Pradesh
  4. Karnataka

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Answer: Karnataka

The first Paleolithic site in India was discovered in Karnataka.

10. At which of the following sites was the first evidence of cotton cultivation discovered?

  1. Piklihal
  2. Hathonora
  3. Mehrgarh
  4. Ghaligai

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Answer: Mehrgarh

The first evidence of cotton cultivation was discovered at the Mehrgarh site.

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