All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2021-2022 Unveiled

The Ministry of Education has unveiled the most recent findings from the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) for the academic year 2021-22, encompassing all higher education institutions throughout India. The AISHE has been an annual undertaking since 2011.

Surge in Total Enrolment

The cumulative enrolment in higher education has surged to nearly 4.33 crore in 2021-22, marking an increase of over 91 lakh students since 2014-15. This underscores the swift expansion of India’s higher education system over the years.

Upsurge in Enrolment Across Diverse Categories

Enrolment has experienced an upswing across diverse categories, including females, SCs, STs, OBCs, and minorities since 2014-15. Notably, female enrolment has risen by 50 lakh, reaching 2.07 crore.

Leap in Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER)

The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER), representing the percentage of the 18-23 age group enrolled in higher education, has risen from 23.7% in 2014-15 to 28.4% in 2021-22. The increase has been more pronounced for females and reserved categories such as SCs and STs.

Surge in Ph.D. Enrolment

Ph.D. enrolment has surged by 81.2% since 2014-15, reaching 2.12 lakh. Female Ph.D. enrolment has doubled in the same period, highlighting increased gender parity in research degrees.

Prevalence of Undergraduate Programs

Almost 79% of the total enrolment is in undergraduate programs, while 12% is in postgraduation. Arts, Science, and Commerce continue to be the predominant disciplines at the undergraduate level.

Dominance of Social Sciences in Postgraduation

At the postgraduate level, the majority of students opt for Social Sciences, followed by Science. This reflects the diverse subject choices in higher studies.

Trends in STEM Enrolment

Approximately 98.5 lakh students are pursuing STEM degrees at the undergraduate, postgraduate, and Ph.D. levels in 2021-22, marking an increase over previous years.

Availability of Infrastructure

Based on the collected data, higher education institutions universally possess key infrastructure elements such as libraries, labs, computer centers, playgrounds, etc.

Count of Institutions

The total count of universities, colleges, and standalone institutions registered under AISHE now stands at 1168, 45473, and 12002 respectively. Over 340 new universities have been added since 2014-15, showcasing expansion.

Faculty Details

In the academic year 2021-22, the higher education system boasted nearly 16 lakh faculty, with 57% male and 43% female. The percentage of female faculty has seen a growth of 22% since 2014-15, indicating an improvement in gender balance.

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