Daily Current Affairs – 08 January 2024

These current affairs today are a part of our daily current affairs. We cover a wide range of topics from state, national, and international news that are relevant and important for competitive exams. Our team prepares today’s current affairs after going through many newspapers, such as The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, PRS, etc.

Scroll down for current affairs of 8th January, 2024.

Per Capita Income In Delhi Increases At The Rate Of 14%

  • Per capita income in Delhi has experienced a notable surge, witnessing a substantial 14% increase.
  • Presently, the per capita income in Delhi stands at 4.44 lakh per person annually.
  • In contrast, the national average per capita income in India hovers around 2.15 lakhs per year.
  • The significant rise in Delhi’s per capita income can be attributed to a surge in employment opportunities within the city.
  • The increase reflects a positive economic trend and improved financial prospects for residents of Delhi.
  • This development underscores the economic dynamism and growth in the region, making Delhi a hub for employment and income generation.

Maharashtra leads in terms of investor base, having the highest number of registered investors in the NSE (National Stock Exchange).

  • Out of the total population, a significant 8.3 crore individuals are registered as investors in the NSE.
  • The states with the maximum investors are Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat, indicating active participation in financial markets from these regions.
  • Notably, Maharashtra has a substantial presence, but there is also a concern as there are instances of several bogus firms operating within the state.
  • This data highlights the popularity of stock market investments in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat, while underscoring the need for vigilance against fraudulent practices in Maharashtra.

Kunal Purohit delves into H-Pop Culture in his book, saying that Hindutva has turned into a business.

According to Purohit, many H-pop artists are well aware of this shift in Hindutva dynamics.

  • In his extensive 250-page narrative, the author takes readers on a journey across seven states—Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi-NCR, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan.
  • Purohit explores the stories, motivations, and impact of what he calls Hindutva artists and their craft.
  • The book delves into acrid writings and vitriolic commentary employed by these artists, aiming to fuel Hindu nationalism, normalize Islamophobia, and vilify critics.
  • The author’s exploration provides insights into the evolving landscape of Hindutva and its influence on popular culture in various regions of India.

Sheikh Hasina achieves a historic milestone, winning elections for the fourth consecutive term.

  • The Awami League, led by Prime Minister Hasina, secures a landslide victory in the general elections.
  • The main opposition party, Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), and its allies boycotted the elections.
  • The electoral process was marred by sporadic violence, with incidents such as setting polling booths and schools on fire.
  • With this triumph, Sheikh Hasina is set to become the longest-serving Prime Minister in Bangladesh since the country gained independence.
  • The win underscores the continued political dominance of the Awami League and Sheikh Hasina’s enduring popularity among voters.

Indian Air Force (IAF) conducted a significant military exercise involving an IAF C-130 aircraft with Garuda commandos.

  • The purpose of this operation was to ensure preparedness for any emergency situation that may arise in the region.
  • The C-130 Super Hercules aircraft executed a night landing at the advanced landing ground in Kargil, showcasing the IAF’s operational capabilities in challenging terrains.
  • This exercise marked a historic event as it was the first of its kind to be conducted at an elevation of 10,000 feet, making it a particularly risky and demanding maneuver.
  • The IAF has strategically established airfields at key locations including Srinagar, Leh, Avantipura, and Udhampur, highlighting the military’s efforts to enhance infrastructure and operational readiness in the region.
  • The night landing in Kargil underscores the IAF’s commitment to maintaining a state of high readiness and swift response to potential threats, especially in challenging and geographically demanding environments.

5 IITs open door for remote learning

  • IIT Ropar, Guwahati, Mandi, Patna, and Kanpur are now offering remote learning opportunities for the academic year 2024-25.
  • Under this initiative, students currently enrolled in other colleges have the opportunity to apply for micro-courses at these five IITs.
  • The courses cover a range of options, including Diplomas, Masters programs, and skill-based courses.
  • Upon completion of the courses and accumulating the required credits, students are eligible to receive certification.
  • This remote learning opportunity is facilitated under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Scheme, emphasizing skill development and education accessibility.
  • The initiative is not limited to traditional college students; those from Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) can also apply for these courses.
  • This move by the IITs aims to broaden educational access and promote skill development among a diverse range of students across the country.

Germany Won The United Cup Of Tennis

  • Germany emerged victorious in the United Cup after defeating Poland, led by Zverev, in a closely contested match.
  • Alexander Zverev played a pivotal role, leading the German team to victory against Iga Swiatek’s Polish team.
  • In a thrilling doubles match, Zverev partnered with Laura Siegemund to narrowly secure a win against the World No. 1, Iga Swiatek, and Hurkacz, with a scoreline of 6-4, 5-7, 10-4.
  • This victory sealed Germany’s success in the event, showcasing the team’s resilience and competitive spirit.
  • Despite the loss, Swiatek’s outstanding performance was evident, highlighted by her remarkable forehand winner against Zverev in the opening set.
  • The United Cup match between Germany and Poland provided a display of top-notch tennis and sportsmanship, with both teams delivering impressive performances.

Tamil Nadu signs 58,000 Crore deal with TATA, Pegatron, and others in electronics. 

  • Tamil Nadu has inked a substantial deal worth 58,000 Crores with prominent companies including TATA, Pegatron, and others, marking a significant milestone in the electronics sector.
  • The state’s flagship Global Investors meet on Sunday witnessed substantial investments on its first day, with major contributions from JSW group, Tata Electronics, Hyundai, Pegatron, and more in various sectors.
  • Key Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) for investments were made, including a noteworthy Rupees 16,000 crore commitment from Vietnam-based VinFast, Rupees 12,000 crore from JSW, Rupees 12,082 crore from Tata Electronics, Rupees 7,360 crore from Hyundai, and Rupees 6,180 crore from TVS Group.
  • This influx of funds reflects the confidence and interest of major players in investing in Tamil Nadu, underscoring the state’s appeal as an attractive destination for business and economic growth.
  • The deal signifies a boost for the electronics industry in Tamil Nadu and is expected to contribute significantly to the state’s economic development and job creation.

The storm named Henk caused significant disruptions in Britain.

  • Roads, bridges, and rail lines were blocked as the storm swept through the region, with some areas experiencing the strongest wind speeds in over 30 years.
  • Numerous homes faced power cuts, and the storm resulted in the downing of many trees across affected areas.
  • Coastal regions hit by the storm were deemed unsafe, and people were advised to stay away from these areas. Police recommended avoiding travel in certain regions unless it was absolutely necessary.
  • Notable wind speeds were recorded during the storm, with gusts reaching 94 mph at the Needles off the Isle of Wight and 71 mph winds hitting Mumbles Head in south Wales.
  • The impact of Storm Henk underscores the need for caution and preparedness during extreme weather events, with authorities urging residents to prioritize safety and limit travel in affected regions.

The Ministry of Environment has submitted three nominations from India for wetland city accreditation.

  • The nominated cities are: Indore (MP), Bhopal (MP), and Udaipur (RJ)
  • These nominations indicate a commitment to recognizing and preserving wetland areas within urban environments.
  • Additionally, the Amrit Dharohar program is being promoted for the conservation of Ramsar wetland sites.
  • The program aims to actively contribute to the preservation and sustainable management of Ramsar-designated wetlands.
  • Wetland city accreditation signifies a recognition of cities that prioritize the protection and sustainable use of wetlands, contributing to broader environmental conservation efforts.
  • This initiative reflects India’s commitment to environmental stewardship and the conservation of vital wetland ecosystems.

SpaceX, led by Elon Musk, successfully launched its first batch of Starlink Satellites, equipped with direct-to-cell capability.

  • The initiative aims to utilize these satellites to provide network access to mobile users in specific regions of the United States.
  • In August 2022, it was announced that the U.S wireless carrier would partner with SpaceX’s Starlink satellites for delivering network services.
  • Beyond the United States, global wireless providers such as Japan’s KDDI (9433.T), Australia’s Optus, New Zealand’s One NZ, and Canada’s Rogers (RCIb.TO) are set to collaborate with SpaceX.
  • The collaboration is centered around implementing direct-to-cell technology, indicating a global effort to enhance mobile network capabilities using satellite technology.
  • This venture signifies a significant step forward in satellite-based communication technologies, potentially expanding internet accessibility and coverage across diverse geographical locations.

Polygraph tests are scheduled to be conducted for individuals involved in the parliamentary security breach.

  • The decision to administer polygraph tests underscores the authorities’ efforts to ascertain the truth and gather reliable information regarding the security incident.
  • The individuals in question are likely to undergo these lie detector tests as part of the investigative process.
  • The security breach in the parliamentary premises has raised concerns, leading to a thorough examination of the arrested individuals to determine their involvement and intent.
  • Conducting polygraph tests is a common investigative tool to assess the veracity of statements and identify potential deception in high-stakes situations.
  • This step is indicative of the authorities’ commitment to ensuring a comprehensive and thorough investigation into the security breach at the parliamentary facility.

National Birds Day was celebrated on January 5.

  • National Bird Day is observed annually on January 5th.
  • The day is dedicated to celebrating and raising awareness about the diverse array of bird species.
  • Theme for the Year – “Right to Fight”
  • Conservation efforts and the importance of protecting the habitats of different bird species might be emphasized.
  • Advocacy for the rights of birds in terms of environmental conservation and protection could be a focal point.

IISc research on tropical mountain forests shows logging and climate change impact on bird species.

  • Smaller birds move to higher elevations in logged areas due to rising temperatures.
  • Larger birds decline in logged forests with insufficient resources and ecological challenges.
  • Logged forests have fewer insects vital for bird diets; higher temperatures make habitats inhospitable.
  • Preserving intact old-growth forests is crucial to mitigate biodiversity threats and aid climate migration for shifting species.
  • Unsustainable logging catalyzes complex ecological changes, affecting diverse bird species in tropical mountain ecosystems.
  • Conservation efforts should prioritize protecting old-growth forests across varied elevations for climate adaptation.
  • Tropical mountain ecosystems are vulnerable; maintaining forest cover and addressing regional warming is vital to prevent species extinction.

A recent study reveals alarming declines in 88% of African raptor populations over the past four decades.

  • Among 42 analyzed species, 37 have suffered significant drops, with an average decline of 88%.
  • Notably, 29 species (69%) face a high risk of global threat under IUCN endangerment criteria.
  • Six raptor species unique to Africa have surpassed critical habitat and population loss thresholds, signaling increased extinction risks.
  • Over 10 currently labeled as least-concern species may be more endangered than assessed, urging a reassessment of their conservation status.
  • Habitat destruction, loss of nesting sites, poisoning, and hunting, particularly in West Africa, contribute to rapid declines.
  • West Africa experiences a substantial loss of forest cover (5 million hectares annually) due to agriculture expansion, impacting raptor habitats.
  • Protected areas cover only 14% of land, intensifying competition and pressures on declining bird populations.
  • Biological threats like electrocution and slow breeding capabilities further impede raptor recovery.
  • Declining raptor numbers pose risks to ecosystem stability, leading to disruptions in food chains and ecological services.
  • Urgent habitat conservation and community support are essential to prevent the extinction of symbolically and ecologically vital raptor species.

iDEX-DIO is set to showcase advanced defence technologies at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit from January 10-12, 2024.

  • Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit, established in 2003, is a prominent business event for global investment, knowledge exchange, and partnerships.
  • The summit covers seminars on Industry 4.0, clean energy, and sustainability, providing a platform for companies to present innovative products and technological advancements.
  • iDEX aligns with the summit’s theme, ‘Gateway to the Future,’ exhibiting futuristic defence technologies at a dedicated pavilion, featuring innovations in drones, AI, cybersecurity, and advanced materials.
  • Leading startups and MSMEs associated with iDEX will showcase cutting-edge innovations at the Vibrant Gujarat Global Trade Show 2024, focusing on emerging technologies.
  • iDEX aims to explore collaborations by connecting with industry leaders, policymakers, and innovators during the summit, contributing to Gujarat’s innovation landscape.
  • Launched in 2018, iDEX is India’s Ministry of Defence’s flagship innovation scheme, fostering an ecosystem through industry-academia collaboration.
  • Core objectives include supporting research and development in military technologies through funding grants and cultivating an innovation culture.
  • iDEX has engaged with over 400 startups and MSMEs, resulting in approved procurements exceeding ₹2000 crores for iDEX-supported products, including drones and specialist vehicles.
  • Recognized as a game-changing initiative, iDEX received the PM Award for catalyzing the defence startup environment and boosting domestic R&D.

The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) is hosting the inaugural meeting of the Inland Waterways Development Council.

  • Central and state ministers, officials, and domain experts will gather on board the vessel MV Ganga Queen for a day-long meeting to discuss the advancement of India’s river transportation sector.
  • During the meeting, the Shipping Minister will unveil IWAI’s roadmap for river cruise tourism, aiming for 2047, and guidelines for the green transition of inland vessels using alternative fuels like methanol and biofuels.
  • Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) between IWAI and private companies will be signed, focusing on boosting private investment in vessel construction, cargo transportation, and terminal infrastructure along national waterways.
  • The meeting sessions will address the promotion of eco-friendly passenger vessels, optimizing cargo transport efficiency on inland waterways, and fostering fairway development through dredging.
  • The Ministry aims to increase the cargo modal share of inland waterways from the current 2% to 5% as part of Maritime India Vision 2030.
  • The 2047 goals include raising cargo volumes from the current 120 million tonnes per annum to over 500 million tonnes.
  • In West Bengal, over 60 inland waterways development projects worth ₹16,300 crore, under the central government’s Sagarmala initiative, are at various stages of implementation, with 19 projects already completed.
  • The newly constituted IWDC platform signifies national efforts to leverage the potential of inland waterways, aiming to decongest land routes, promote energy-efficient transportation, and enhance regional connectivity.

Actress Glynis Johns Passes Away

  • The highly regarded Welsh actress Glynis Johns passed away peacefully at the age of 100 in Los Angeles on January 6, 2024.
  • Born in South Africa in 1923 to artist parents, Glynis began her acting journey in childhood, becoming the fourth-generation artist in her family.
  • Glynis gained recognition for her diverse roles spanning Hollywood films, Broadway musicals, and British cinema during her illustrious six-decade career.
  • Notable early roles include comic leads in films like Miranda (1948) and a memorable turn as a determined spy in Court Jester (1956).
  • Her portrayal of a loquacious Australian innkeeper in The Sundowners (1960) earned her an Academy Award nomination.
  • In 1973, at age 49, Glynis delivered a career-defining performance in the Stephen Sondheim musical A Little Night Music, winning the Tony Award for Best Actress.
  • She continued to captivate audiences globally with scene-stealing supporting roles, such as Mrs. Banks in Disney’s Mary Poppins (1964) and the grandmother in The Age of Innocence (1993).
  • Glynis Johns navigated through evolving entertainment eras, captivating viewers across eight decades with her passion for acting.
  • Despite a turbulent personal life, marked by four marriages and the loss of her only child Gareth Forwood in 2007, Glynis remained resilient in her commitment to her craft.
  • Recognized with honors like Golden Globe and BAFTA nominations, Glynis Johns became an archetype for gracefully aging actresses, leaving behind a lasting legacy and influence in the world of acting.

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