Government Approves PRITHvi VIgyan Scheme for Earth Sciences

As a part of Today’s current affairs, the Union Cabinet, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has given the green light to the comprehensive “PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)” scheme by the Ministry of Earth Sciences. 

This initiative, spanning from 2021 to 2026 with a budget of Rs. 4,797 crore, includes five existing sub-schemes: “Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS),” “Ocean Services, Modelling Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART),” “Polar Science and Cryosphere Research (PACER),” “Seismology and Geosciences (SAGE),” and “Research, Education, Training and Outreach (REACHOUT).”

Objectives of PRITHvi Scheme:

The overarching Prithvi Scheme aims to:

  1. Enhance and maintain long-term observations of the Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, geosphere, cryosphere, and solid earth to monitor crucial signs of the Earth System and its changes.
  2. Develop modeling systems to understand and predict weather, ocean, and climate hazards, as well as delve into the science of climate change.
  3. Explore polar and high seas regions to discover new phenomena and resources.
  4. Develop technology for exploring and sustainably harnessing oceanic resources for societal applications.
  5. Translate knowledge and insights from Earth system science into services for societal, environmental, and economic benefits.

Role of Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES):

The MoES is tasked with translating science into services for society. It provides services related to weather, climate, ocean and coastal states, hydrology, seismology, and natural hazards. These services include weather forecasts, warnings for natural disasters, alerts for tsunamis, and earthquake monitoring. The MoES’s efforts have been instrumental in saving lives and minimizing damages during natural disasters.

Research and Development Institutes Involved 

Ten institutes under the MoES, such as the India Meteorological Department (IMD), National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), and others, carry out research, development, and operational services. These institutes work collaboratively to address various aspects of Earth System Sciences.

PRITHVI Scheme’s Holistic Approach

Earth System Sciences cover all components of the Earth system: atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere, and their complex interactions. The PRITHVI scheme aims to comprehensively address these components, improving the understanding of Earth System Sciences and providing reliable services for the country. The integrated efforts of the PRITHVI scheme will tackle challenges related to weather, climate, ocean, cryosphere, seismological science, and resource exploration in a sustainable manner.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Press ESC to close