Kushana Empire GK MCQs With Answer & Explanation in English

The Kushana Empire, flourishing from the 1st to the 3rd century CE, held a pivotal role in the cultural and economic exchange between East and West Asia. Established by Kujula Kadphises, this Central Asian empire encompassed territories across modern-day India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia. Renowned for fostering trade along the Silk Road, the Kushanas played a key role in the diffusion of art, religion, and technology.

MCQs on the Kushana Empire:

1. The reign of which of the following was known as the golden age for the Mathura school of art?

  1. Indo-Greeks
  2. Sakas
  3. Kushanas
  4. Gupta

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Correct Answer: Kushanas

The period of Kushana King Kanishka, Huviska, and Vasudeva is considered the golden age for the Mathura school of art. This school of art was known for producing sculptures on white-spotted red stones. Its unique characteristics included an emphasis on depicting inner beauty, facial emotions, and a wide range of themes, from Buddhist to Brahmanical to secular. The art created during this period represents a significant cultural and artistic achievement.

2. Which Kushana king adopted the epithet “Dharma-thida”?

  1. Vima Kadaphises
  2. Kuzul Kadaphises
  3. Kanishka the Great
  4. Huvishka

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Correct Answer: Kuzul Kadaphises

Kuzul Kadaphises, also known as Kadphises I, was the founder of the Kushana dynasty. On his coins, he adopted epithets like “Dharma-thida” and “Sacha-dharma-thita,” which indicated his adherence to the Buddhist and Saiva faiths, highlighting the religious diversity of the Kushana rulers.

3. Begram in Afghanistan was the capital of which king?

  1. Kanishka
  2. Asoka
  3. Chandragupta Maurya
  4. Samudragupta

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Correct Answer: Kanishka

Begram, located in Afghanistan, was associated with King Kanishka of the Kushana dynasty and served as his capital. It played a pivotal role as a hub for trade and cultural exchange during Kanishka’s reign. The region was vital for the consolidation of Kushana power and their interactions with various cultures.

4. Who among the following introduced the Shaka era?

  1. Ashoka
  2. Kanishka
  3. Rudraraman
  4. Bimbisara

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Correct Answer: Kanishka

Kushana emperor Kanishka is credited with initiating the Shaka era when he ascended to the throne in 78 AD. The Shaka era is still used in the Indian calendar system and was introduced during Kanishka’s reign.

5. During the reign of which Kushana king was the Fourth Buddhist Council held?

  1. Kanishka
  2. Huvishka
  3. Vasudeva
  4. Vasishka

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Correct Answer: Kanishka

The Fourth Buddhist Council took place in Kundalvana, Kashmir, in 72 AD during the rule of Kushan king Kanishka. Vasumitra presided over the council, which aimed to compose commentaries on the Tripitaka, the Buddhist scriptures. This event played a significant role in the development of Buddhist texts and philosophy.

6. Which dynasty’s rulers adopted the title “Devaputra”?

  1. Maurya
  2. Sunga
  3. Kushana
  4. Saka-Kshatrapa

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Correct Answer: Kushana

The rulers of the Kushana dynasty, particularly Kanishka, adopted the title “Devaputra,” meaning “son of gods.” This title reflected their association with divine lineage or divine patronage, which was a prominent aspect of their rule.

7. Which city was the main capital of Kushana king Kanishka I?

  1. Pataliputra
  2. Purushapura
  3. Taxila
  4. Mathura

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Correct Answer: Purushapura

Kanishka I’s primary capital was Purushapura, which corresponds to modern-day Peshawar. Other regional capitals of the Kushana Empire included Taxila, Begram, and Mathura. Purushapura played a central role in the administration of the empire.

8. Which of the following Kushan Emperors was the first to introduce gold coinage in India?

  1. Vima Kadphises
  2. Vima Taktu
  3. Vasishka
  4. Kujula Kadphises

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Correct Answer: Vima Kadphises

Vima Kadphises, a Kushan emperor who ruled around 90-100 AD, introduced gold coinage in India. He expanded Kushan territory through conquests and issued a substantial number of coins. This played a role in defining the region’s economic history.

9. Which dynasty was identified solely based on coins?

  1. Gupta
  2. Kushana
  3. Rashtrakuta
  4. Chalukya

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Correct Answer: Kushana

The Kushana dynasty is primarily identified and known through the coins issued during their reign. These coins are valuable historical and artistic artifacts, providing essential insights into the dynasty’s rule and activities.

10. Under which king did the Kushana Empire reach its zenith?

  1. Kadphises I
  2. Kanishka
  3. Vasudeva II
  4. Vima Kadphises

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Correct Answer: Kanishka

Kanishka is renowned as the most famous king of the Kushana Empire, and the empire reached its zenith during his rule. He is particularly known for his patronage of art and religion, and his legacy is still present in the Shaka era used in India’s calendar system.

Kushana Empire Notes for UPSC Exam

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