Physical Geography – Various Landforms GK MCQs With Answer & Explanation in English

1. What kind of a landform is a stone-lattice?

  1. Erosional landform by glacier
  2. Erosional landform by wind
  3. Erosional landform by river
  4. Depositional landform by glacier

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Answer: Erosional landform by wind

Stone-lattice is an erosional feature of the desert where differential erosion creates hollows that are small in size and randomly distributed.

2. What type of a landform is a plunge hole?

  1. Erosional landform of river
  2. Erosional landform of wind
  3. Erosional landform of glaciers
  4. Depositional landform of wind

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Answer: Erosional landform of wind

Plunge pools or plunge holes are erosional landforms made by the river. Plunge pools form at the bottom of waterfalls.

3. Which among the following types of landforms are also called topographical features?

  1. Landforms of first order
  2. Landforms of the second order
  3. Landforms of the third order
  4. Aeolian landforms

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Answer:  Landforms of the third order

Landforms of the third order include small landforms like river valleys, sand dunes, floodplains, etc. They are also called topographical features.

4. Which among the following landforms are formed due to the action of water?

  1. Aeolian
  2. Glacial
  3. Fluvial
  4. Karst

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Answer:  Fluvial

Fluvial landforms are formed due to the action of water and flowing streams. These processes dominate the surface of the continents.

5. What is the study of landforms called?

  1. Sedimentology
  2. Geology
  3. Geomorphology
  4. Seismology

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Answer: Geomorphology

The study of landforms is called Geomorphology. Landforms are a result of the interaction of the physical processes and crustal movements of the earth’s surface.

6. Which of the following types of dunes are most rare?

  1. Crescentic
  2. Linear
  3. Star
  4. Dome

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Answer: Dome

Dome is the type of dune that is most rare. They are circular and do not have a slip face. The wind can blow material onto the dune from any side. Parabolic dunes are similar to crescentic dunes.

7. Błędów Desert is located in which continent?

  1. Africa
  2. Europe
  3. Australia
  4. North America

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Answer: Europe

Błędów Desert is a desert area of sands between Błędów and the villages of Chechło and Klucze in Poland. It is located in Europe, mainly on the Silesian Highlands in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.

8. Larsemann Hills region is located in?

  1. Europe
  2. Moon
  3. Antarctica
  4. Australia

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Answer: Antarctica

The Larsemann Hills are a series of low rounded coastal hills along the southeastern shore of Prydz Bay, Antarctica, extending for 9 nautical miles (17 km).

9. Arete, Cirque, Groove, Moraines, Floodplains, etc are the landforms associated with which of the following?

  1. Glacial Activity
  2. Fluvial Activity
  3. Volcanic Activity
  4. Erosion Activity

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Answer: Erosion Activity

Arete, Cirque, Groove, Moraines, Floodplains, and other similar landforms are associated with erosion activity. It involves the weathering and disintegration of rocks and minerals.

10. A barchan is an example of:

  1. A Rock
  2. A Dune
  3. An erg
  4. Sand sea

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Answer: A Dune

Barchan is a crescent-shaped shifting sand dune, as found in the inland deserts. Barchans face the wind, appearing convex, and are produced by wind action predominantly from one direction.

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