World Geography – Continents and Country Trivia GK MCQs With Answer & Explanation in English

1. Which of the following mountain ranges is not present in Europe?

  1. Apennine Mountain Range
  2. Pyrenees Mountain Range
  3. Sierra Nevada Mountain Range
  4. Alps Mountain Range

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Answer: Sierra Nevada Mountain Range

Sierra Nevada is a mountain range in the Western United States, between the Central Valley of California and the Basin and Range Province.

2. Lake Titicaca, a large deep lake in South America, is located on the border of which two countries?

  1. Argentina and Bolivia
  2. Bolivia and Peru
  3. Peru and Uruguay
  4. Uruguay and Paraguay

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Answer: Bolivia and Peru

Lake Titicaca is a large, deep lake in the Andes on the border of Bolivia and Peru. By volume of water and by surface area, it is the largest lake in South America.

3. Which of the following is not a landlocked country in Europe?

  1. Hungary
  2. Kosovo
  3. Czech Republic
  4. Spain

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Answer: Spain

Spain is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea, except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. Hungary, Kosovo, and the Czech Republic are landlocked countries in Central Europe.

4. Lake Winnipeg is located in which of the following countries?

  1. Brazil
  2. Canada
  3. Russia
  4. Japan

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Answer:  Canada

Lake Winnipeg is a very large, but relatively shallow lake located in the province of Manitoba in Canada. The lake is elongated and is 416 km (258 mi) from north to south, with remote sandy beaches, large limestone cliffs, and many bat caves in some areas.

5. Dasht-e Margo, also known as the “Desert of Death,” is located in which country?

  1. Kazakhstan
  2. Saudi Arabia
  3. Afghanistan
  4. North China

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Answer: Afghanistan

Dasht-e Margo is a desert region in the southern provinces of Helmand and Nimruz in Afghanistan. It is the world’s 20th largest desert, consisting mainly of sand masses and rocky-clayish plains with solonchaks, takirs, and rarely oases.

6. The Puna grassland ecoregion is found in which of the following continents?

  1. Asia
  2. Africa
  3. North America
  4. South America

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Answer: South America

The Puna grassland ecoregion is found in the central Andes Mountains of South America. The term Puna encompasses diverse ecosystems of the high Central Andes above 3200-3400 m. It is found above the tree line at 3200-3500 m elevation, and below the permanent snow line above 4500-5000 m elevation.

7. The Buran wind blows across:

  1. Eastern Asia
  2. Western Europe
  3. Southern Africa
  4. Eastern Australia

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Answer: Eastern Asia

The Buran wind blows across eastern Asia, specifically Xinjiang, Siberia, and Kazakhstan. The buran takes two forms: in summer, it is a hot, dry wind, whipping up sandstorms; in winter, it is bitterly cold and often accompanied by blizzards.

8. Which of the following straits is located on the extreme southern tip of South America partly in Chile and partly in Argentina?

  1. Dover Strait
  2. Beagle Strait
  3. Hudson Strait
  4. Kara Strait

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Answer: Beagle Strait

The strait located on the extreme southern tip of South America, partly in Chile and partly in Argentina, is the “Beagle Strait.”

9. Which of the following rivers carries the maximum quantity of water into the sea?

  1. Nile
  2. Amazon
  3. Mississippi Missouri
  4. Thames

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Answer: Amazon

The Amazon River carries the maximum quantity of water into the sea and is the largest river by discharge of water in the world.

10. Which of the following two countries currently occupy / control the Golan heights?

  1. Egypt & Syria
  2. Turkey & Israel
  3. Israel & Syria
  4. Syria & Turkey

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Answer: Israel & Syria

The Golan Heights, also called the Golan or the Syrian Golan, is currently occupied by Israel in the western two-thirds, and controlled by Syria in the eastern third.

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