Economic Geography – Service Industries, Quaternary Activities GK MCQs With Answer & Explanation in English

1. Which among the following is the cheapest means of transportation?

  1. Railways
  2. Roadways
  3. Airways
  4. Waterways

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Answer: Waterways

Among the options provided, waterways are often considered one of the cheapest means of transportation. This is because water transport, such as shipping and river transport, is fuel-efficient and can carry large quantities of goods over long distances, reducing the overall transportation costs. However, the choice of transportation mode can vary depending on factors like the nature of the cargo, distance, infrastructure, and speed requirements.

2. Which is the busiest airport in the world in terms of the number of passengers using it?

  1. Los Angeles
  2. Dallas
  3. San Francisco
  4. Atlanta

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Answer: Atlanta

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA) was consistently ranked as the busiest airport in the world in terms of the number of passengers using it. However, please note that airport rankings can change over time due to various factors, so I recommend checking the most recent data to confirm the current status.

3. What are railways running across the entire breadths of the country called?

  1. Metros
  2. Bullet trains
  3. Transcontinental Railways
  4. Hyperloop

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Answer: Transcontinental Railways

Railways running across the entire breadths of large countries like Russia, Canada, US, and Australia are called transcontinental railways. The Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia is the longest railway in the world.

4. Which continent accounts for nearly one-third of the total world route length of railways?

  1. Asia
  2. North America
  3. Africa
  4. Europe

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Answer:  Europe

Europe, as a continent, has an extensive and well-developed railway network. This network spans across many countries in Europe, including Russia, Germany, France, and others. The historical development of railways in Europe played a crucial role in the industrialization and economic growth of the continent. This dense railway network facilitates the efficient movement of goods and people, contributing significantly to the transportation infrastructure of the region. Europe’s commitment to maintaining and expanding its railway system has made it one of the continents with the highest density of railroads in the world, and it continues to be an essential part of the European transportation landscape.

5. Which region has the highest density of rail network?

  1. Eastern Asia
  2. Western Europe
  3. South East Asia
  4. North America

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Answer: Western Europe

Western Europe has the highest density of rail network among the regions listed. The Western European countries have well-developed and extensive rail systems that play a significant role in their transportation infrastructure.

6. Which among the following are called the lifelines of an economy?

  1. Banking and Payment systems
  2. Banking and transportation systems
  3. Means of transport and communication systems
  4. Minerals and Banking system

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Answer: Means of transport and communication systems

Means of transport and communication systems are often referred to as the “lifelines of an economy.” These infrastructure networks play a crucial role in facilitating trade, commerce, and the exchange of information, which are essential for the economic development and functioning of a country.

7. Which among the following is not a surface means of transport?

  1. Airways
  2. Railways
  3. Waterways
  4. Roadways

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Answer: Airways

Airways is not a surface means of transport. While railways, waterways, and roadways all operate on or along the surface of the Earth, airways involve transport through the air and are considered a form of aerial transportation.

8. Trade in textiles accounts for how much percentage of the total merchandise trade of the world?

  1. 9.2%
  2. 15.5%
  3. 2.5%
  4. 0.5%

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Answer: 15.5%

Trade in textiles amounts to 2.5% of the total merchandise trade of the world and 3.4% of the trade in manufactures. Asia and Western Europe account for the largest share in the world exports of textiles.

9. Which country accounts for the largest share in the world export of manufactures?

  1. United States
  2. Russia
  3. Germany
  4. France

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Answer: United States

The United States accounts for the largest share in the world export of manufactures (14.0%), followed by Germany (9.9%), Japan (9.7%), France (5.3%), and the UK (5%).

10. How much percent of the total value of exports do agricultural products account for in India?

  1. 2.5%
  2. 9%
  3. 25%
  4. 15.5%

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Answer: 9%

Agricultural products play a significant role in India’s exports, contributing to approximately 9% of the total export value. These products include various commodities such as rice, wheat, spices, fruits, vegetables, and processed food items. India’s diverse agro-climatic zones and agricultural practices allow for the production of a wide range of exportable goods. While other sectors like manufacturing and services also contribute substantially to India’s exports, agriculture remains a crucial component, providing foreign exchange earnings and supporting rural livelihoods.

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