Prehistoric India GK MCQs With Answer & Explanation in English

81. Where is prehistoric food producer site Mehargarh located?

  1. Where is prehistoric food producer site Mehargarh located?
  2. In western Balochistan
  3. On the bank of Ghaggar
  4. In the eastern part of Rann of Kutch

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Correct Answer: In western Balochistan

Location of Mehargarh in Western Baluchistan: Mehargarh is situated in western Baluchistan, a region that spans parts of present-day Pakistan and Iran. This archaeological site has garnered significant attention due to its rich history dating back to the Neolithic period. It has provided valuable insights into early human settlements, agriculture, and cultural developments in the broader Indian subcontinent and surrounding areas.

82. Which was the first food grain used by man?

  1. Rice
  2. Millet
  3. Wheat
  4. Barley

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Correct Answer: Wheat

Wheat as the First Cultivated Food Grain: Wheat holds the distinction of being one of the earliest cultivated crops by humans. This grain played a pivotal role in the development of agriculture and the transition from a nomadic, hunter-gatherer lifestyle to settled farming communities. The domestication of wheat allowed for more stable food production and contributed to the growth of human civilizations.

83. Among the following neolithic site was the earliest evidence of wheat and barley found ?

  1. Mehrgarh
  2. Koldihwa
  3. Rangpur
  4. Lothal

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Correct Answer: Mehrgarh

Early Evidence of Wheat and Barley Cultivation at Mehargarh: Mehargarh, located in present-day Pakistan, has provided archaeological evidence of the cultivation of both wheat and barley. This finding is significant as it represents one of the earliest instances of crop domestication in the Indian subcontinent. The presence of cultivated grains at Mehargarh sheds light on the agricultural practices of the Neolithic inhabitants in the region.

84. Which prehistoric site has offered evidence for cultivation of wild and sown variety of paddy-

  1. Begor
  2. Burzahom
  3. Belan
  4. Adamgarh

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Correct Answer: Burzahom

Cultivation of Wild and Domesticated Paddy at Burzahom: Burzahom, situated in the region of Jammu and Kashmir, has offered archaeological evidence indicating the cultivation of both wild and domesticated varieties of paddy (rice). This finding provides insights into the agricultural practices and the transition from gathering wild grains to cultivating and domesticating rice in the Neolithic period.

85. During which period was copper first used?

  1. Mesolithic
  2. Neolithic
  3. Chalcolithic
  4. Paleolithic

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Correct Answer: Chalcolithic

Use of Copper in the Chalcolithic Period: The Chalcolithic period, also known as the Eneolithic period, marked a crucial transition between the Neolithic and Bronze Age. During this phase, copper began to be used alongside stone tools. This transition represents a significant advancement in metallurgy and technology, leading to the eventual development of bronze tools and weapons.

86. Utnur is an important Neolithic site located in which state?

  1. Kerala
  2. Tamil Nadu
  3. Telangana
  4. Karnataka

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Correct Answer: Telangana

Utnur’s Enigmatic Ash Mounds: Utnur, an important Neolithic site located in the state of Telangana, is renowned for its mysterious ash mounds. These mounds have puzzled archaeologists due to their unusual characteristics and purpose. Similar ash mounds have also been discovered at other sites like Pallavoy (Andhra Pradesh), Kupgal (Karnataka), and Kodekal (Karnataka), suggesting the presence of unique cultural practices or rituals in the region during the Neolithic period.

87. In which site is the earliest evidence of settled agriculture in the Indian subcontinent found?

  1. Dholavira
  2. Mohenjo-Daro
  3. Mehrgarh
  4. Lothal

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Correct Answer: Mehrgarh

Mehrgarh’s Role in Early Agriculture: Mehrgarh, situated on the Kacchi Plain of Balochistan, Pakistan, is known for providing some of the earliest evidence of settled agriculture in the Indian subcontinent. The transition from nomadic lifestyles to settled agriculture at Mehrgarh marked a significant turning point in human history and contributed to the emergence of complex societies.

88. Nomadic man started settling in which period?

  1. Neolithic Age
  2. None of these
  3. Paleolithic Age
  4. Mesolithic Age

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Correct Answer: Neolithic Age

Transition from Nomadic to Settled Life in the Neolithic Age: The Neolithic Age represents a transformative period in human history where nomadic hunter-gatherer communities gradually transitioned into settled farming communities. This transition involved the establishment of permanent settlements, the cultivation of crops, and the domestication of animals, fundamentally altering human subsistence patterns.

89. From which Neolithic site do we get the evidence of pit-dwelling-

  1. Burzahom
  2. Chirand
  3. Martand
  4. Daojali Hading

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Correct Answer: Burzahom

Evidence of Pit-Dwelling at Burzahom: Burzahom, located in the Kashmir region, has provided archaeological evidence of pit-dwelling structures. These findings suggest that the Neolithic inhabitants of Burzahom lived in dwellings constructed in pits. Pit dwellings were a characteristic architectural feature of the Neolithic period, highlighting the adaptability of early human communities to their environments.

90. In some regions in India, men dwelled in pits, it is indicated through excavations in-

  1. Karnataka
  2. Rajasthan
  3. Bihar
  4. Kashmir

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Correct Answer: Kashmir

Pit-Dwelling Structures in Kashmir: Archaeological excavations in Kashmir have unearthed evidence of pit-dwelling structures, indicating that ancient inhabitants of the region lived in these types of dwellings. Pit dwellings were constructed by digging a shallow pit in the ground and creating a shelter within it. These structures offer valuable insights into the housing patterns and lifestyles of the people who lived there in ancient times.

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