Prehistoric India GK MCQs With Answer & Explanation in English

21. Which one of the following species discovered fire?

  1. Neanderthal ABEC
  2. Cro-Magnon
  3. Australopithecus
  4. Homo Erectus

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Correct Answer: Homo Erectus

Homo Erectus – Discovery of Fire: Homo erectus is indeed credited with the controlled use and discovery of fire among the given options. This early human species demonstrated the ability to control and use fire, a momentous development in human history. The mastery of fire had profound implications for early humans, providing warmth, protection, and the ability to cook food, which enhanced the nutritional value of their diets. It also played a vital role in toolmaking and expanded the ecological niches humans could inhabit.

22. Which one of the following is known as the human race that started the disposal of their deads?

  1. Neanderthal
  2. Cro-Magnon
  3. Pithecanthropus
  4. Australopithecus

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Correct Answer: Neanderthal

Neanderthals and Burial Practices: Neanderthals are recognized as the human group that engaged in the intentional burial of their dead. This aspect of Neanderthal behavior demonstrates a level of cultural and symbolic significance in their recognition of mortality. Burial practices among Neanderthals, including the placement of grave goods, suggest a belief system and rituals associated with death, reflecting their cultural complexity.

23. How can the Neolithic Revolution best be defined?

  1. Milk Revolution
  2. Agricultural Revolution
  3. Green Revolution
  4. Technology Revolution

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Correct Answer: Agricultural Revolution

Neolithic Revolution – Transition to Agriculture: The Neolithic Revolution, also known as the Agricultural Revolution, represents a pivotal moment in human history. It marks the transition of many human cultures from a nomadic lifestyle of hunting and gathering to settled agricultural communities. This transition began approximately 12,000 years ago and involved the domestication of plants and animals. The cultivation of crops and the herding of livestock allowed for a more stable food supply, leading to larger and more complex societies. The Neolithic Revolution played a foundational role in the development of human civilization.

24. In which state of India was the Jorwe culture, a Chalcolithic culture, first discovered?

  1. Gujarat
  2. Jammu & Kashmir
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Rajasthan

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Correct Answer: Maharashtra

Jorwe Culture Discovery in Maharashtra: The Jorwe culture is a Chalcolithic culture that was first discovered in Maharashtra, India. The excavation of this archaeological site took place in 1950-51 and was conducted under the direction of prominent archaeologists Hasmukh Dhirajlal Sankalia and Shantaram Bhalchandra Deo. The Jorwe culture is known for its distinctive pottery and artifacts and provides valuable insights into the prehistoric period in Maharashtra.

25. The Neolithic sites Kuchai and Golbai Sasan are located in which Indian state?

  1. Odisha
  2. Madhya Pradesh
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Bihar

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Correct Answer: Odisha

Neolithic Sites in Odisha – Kuchai and Golbai Sasan: The state of Odisha in India is home to notable Neolithic sites, including Kuchai and Golbai Sasan. Kuchai is situated in the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha, while Golbai Sasan is located along the banks of the Mandakini River. These archaeological sites have yielded evidence of early human settlements, tools, and artifacts, shedding light on the Neolithic period in the region and the lifestyle of its inhabitants.

26. Who is the latest ancestor of modern human?

  1. Neanderthal
  2. Cro-Magnon
  3. Paking man
  4. Java man

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Correct Answer: Cro-Magnon

Cro-Magnon as Ancestral Modern Humans: Cro-Magnon, mentioned in option (d), refers to early Homo sapiens who lived during the Upper Paleolithic period, particularly in Europe. They are recognized as the latest known ancestor of modern humans, representing anatomically modern humans who lived around 40,000 to 10,000 years ago. Cro-Magnon humans are significant because they are among the first to exhibit the physical characteristics and capabilities of modern Homo sapiens, such as advanced toolmaking and art.

27. In the following which is latest-

  1. Hindalburg human
  2. Cro-Magnon human
  3. Neanderthal human
  4. Piltgon human

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Correct Answer: Cro-Magnon human

Cro-Magnon as the Latest Human Group: Among the given options, Cro-Magnon (option d) indeed represents the latest human group. These early Homo sapiens are considered the most recent in the context of human evolution, marking the transition from archaic humans to fully modern humans. Their presence in Europe during the Upper Paleolithic period is associated with remarkable cultural achievements, including cave art and sophisticated tools.

28. The early Homo sapiens were known as?

  1. Neanderthal
  2. Cro-Magnon
  3. Pithecanthropus
  4. Pithecanthropus

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Correct Answer: Cro-Magnon

Cro-Magnon as Early Homo Sapiens: correctly identifies Cro-Magnon as early Homo sapiens among the given options. Cro-Magnon humans are synonymous with anatomically modern Homo sapiens who lived during the Upper Paleolithic, representing a critical stage in the development of our species. Their archaeological remains provide a crucial link between ancient hominins and modern humans.

29. Which site has yielded cultural remains from the Neolithic to Harappan era?

  1. Harappa
  2. Mehrgarh
  3. Dholavira
  4. Mohenjo-Daro

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Correct Answer: Mehrgarh

Mehrgarh: Mehrgarh is a significant archaeological site located in Balochistan, Pakistan. It has provided cultural remains spanning from the Neolithic to the Harappan era, making it one of the most crucial archaeological sites in the Indian subcontinent. Mehrgarh is particularly renowned for being the oldest agricultural settlement in the region, with its heyday dating back to the seventh millennium B.C. It is situated along the Bolan River, a tributary of the Indus River. The archaeological findings at Mehrgarh offer valuable insights into the development of agriculture, pottery, and other aspects of early human civilization in South Asia.

30. Which of the following places is known for painted rock shelters belonging to the Paleolithic and Mesolithic ages?

  1. Bhimbetka
  2. Bairath
  3. Utnur
  4. Uyyur

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Correct Answer: Bhimbetka

Bhimbetka Rock Shelters: Bhimbetka, located in central India, is famous for its rock shelters adorned with ancient paintings and art dating back to the Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods. These painted rock shelters provide evidence of the earliest traces of human life on the Indian subcontinent, showcasing the rich cultural and artistic heritage of early inhabitants. Bhimbetka is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and offers a glimpse into the prehistoric era of the subcontinent.

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