Prehistoric India GK MCQs With Answer & Explanation in English

41. What was most likely the first metal to be used in India?

  1. Gold
  2. Silver
  3. Iron
  4. Copper

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Correct Answer: Copper

Use of Copper in the Chalcolithic Age: The Chalcolithic Age, also known as the Stone-Copper Age, spanned from approximately 1800 to 800 BC. This era witnessed a significant transition in human technology, with the emergence of copper as one of the earliest metals used by humans in India. Copper was employed alongside stone tools during this period, marking a significant advancement in metallurgy. The Chalcolithic Age laid the groundwork for the subsequent Bronze Age, where the alloying of copper with other metals resulted in even more sophisticated tools and artifacts.

42. The Jorwe culture of ancient India has been named after the site of the same name in which of the following states?

  1. Karnataka
  2. Maharashtra
  3. Rajasthan
  4. Gujarat

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Correct Answer: Maharashtra

Jorwe Ware Culture: The Jorwe Ware Culture is named after the archaeological site of Jorwe in Maharashtra, India. This culture thrived between approximately 1600 and 1000 BC. It is renowned for its distinctive red pottery characterized by matte surfaces and black painted decorations. The Jorwe Ware Culture represents an important archaeological phase in the Deccan region, offering valuable insights into the material culture, pottery styles, and socio-economic aspects of the people who lived during that time.

43. Which of the following terms is not associated with a tool tradition of ancient India or the world?

  1. Oldowan
  2. Grotian
  3. Mousterian
  4. Acheulean

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Correct Answer: Grotian

Grotian and Tool Traditions: The term “Grotian” is not associated with any specific tool tradition in ancient India or the broader archaeological context. It does not represent a recognized category of tools, techniques, or cultural practices related to ancient human societies. In contrast, other terms like “Mousterian,” “Acheulean,” and “Oldowan” are well-established tool traditions that are linked to ancient human cultures and their technological advancements. These terms are used by archaeologists to classify and study specific tool-making traditions and periods in human prehistory.

44. What was the main occupation of paleolithic men?

  1. Animal husbandry
  2. Hunting
  3. Agriculture
  4. Poultry

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Correct Answer:Hunting

Main Occupation of Paleolithic Men – Hunting: The primary occupation of Paleolithic humans was indeed hunting. During the Paleolithic era, which is often referred to as the Old Stone Age, early humans relied heavily on hunting as a means of securing food, clothing, and other essential resources for survival. Hunting played a pivotal role in their daily lives, as it provided sustenance and raw materials for tools and clothing.

45. What was the source of entertainment of primitive man of paleolithic age?

  1. Hunting
  2. Horse riding
  3. Gambling
  4. Music

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Correct Answer: Hunting

Entertainment and Skill Development in Paleolithic Age – Hunting: While hunting was a fundamental activity for survival, it also served as a source of entertainment and skill development for early humans during the Paleolithic age. Hunting required a combination of physical prowess, strategy, and coordination. Early humans likely engaged in hunting activities not only for practical reasons but also as a form of recreation and to hone their hunting skills, which were essential for their survival.

46. Which one of the following was the greatest discovery of man in the paleolithic age ?

  1. Potter’s wheel
  2. Spinning
  3. Fire-liting
  4. Metal implement

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Correct Answer: Fire-liting

Greatest Discovery of Paleolithic Man – Fire-Lighting: One of the most significant discoveries of early humans during the Paleolithic age was the mastery of fire-lighting. The ability to control and utilize fire had a profound impact on their development. Fire provided warmth in cold climates, protection from predators, and a source of light. More importantly, it allowed early humans to cook food, which not only improved its taste but also made it safer to consume by eliminating harmful microorganisms. Cooking unlocked additional nutrients in food, aiding in the growth of the human brain and overall development.

47. Which material was used in the Majority of Early stone Age tools in India?

  1. Steatite
  2. Carnelian
  3. Quartzite
  4. Agate

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Correct Answer: Quartzite

Prevalence of Quartzite Tools in Early Stone Age India: During the early Stone Age in India, the majority of tools were indeed crafted from quartzite. Quartzite is a type of metamorphic rock known for its hardness and durability, making it a suitable material for producing stone tools. Early humans in India and other regions utilized quartzite due to its abundance and the ease with which it could be flaked and shaped into various tools. These tools served various purposes, including cutting, chopping, and hunting, and were essential for Paleolithic communities in their daily activities and survival.

48. In which Stone Age did composite tools start appearing?

  1. Neolithic
  2. Chalcolithic
  3. Paleolithic
  4. Mesolithic

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Correct Answer: Mesolithic

Emergence of Composite Tools in the Mesolithic Age: The Mesolithic Age, often referred to as the Middle Stone Age, is characterized by significant developments in tool technology. During this period, there was a notable reduction in the size of well-established tool types, and the emergence of microliths marked a key technological advancement. Microliths were small, finely crafted stone tools that represented a departure from the larger, more rudimentary tools of the preceding Paleolithic era. These microliths were used as components for creating composite tools such as spearheads, arrowheads, and sickles. This transition to composite tools marked a significant innovation in toolmaking during the Mesolithic Age.

49. In which Stone Age were microliths commonly found?

  1. Paleolithic
  2. Upper Paleolithic
  3. Neolithic
  4. Mesolithic

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Correct Answer: Mesolithic

Microliths in the Mesolithic Age: Microliths were indeed commonly found during the Mesolithic Age, which is often referred to as the Middle Stone Age. Microliths were small, carefully crafted stone tools that were typically hafted (attached) onto handles made of bone or wood. They served various purposes and were instrumental in the creation of composite tools like saws, sickles, and projectile points. The ability to produce these small and specialized tools allowed for greater efficiency and precision in hunting, cutting, and other tasks during the Mesolithic period.

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